In PA, we are a "shall issue" state.
If we pass the criminal background check and do not lie on our application, we get one.
We pay a fee and we need character references that usually need to live in our county.
Details of how long vary by county. Our Sheriff's department takes less than 2 weeks, and we literally get them within days.
We go personally to the Sheriff's office with our application filled out and a check.
They take our picture, and they mail us our laminated wallet card.
In some counties, they require you to pick up your license so there is no chance of theft of it. I noticed in the larger counties (Dauphin which has Harrisburg city) requires the applicant to pick up their license when ready.
No tests required or safety courses required.
If you take a handgun law course or attend a seminar, they will tell you to make sure you know the law and know how to shoot. If you shoot someone, it will come in to question how much you practice etc.
That is about it for PA
Welcome to the CC world!